Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in Sericulture

Objectives: 

The main objectives are to identify additional potential sites for the development of silkworm food plants for mulberry sericulture in the non-traditional sericulture State like Maharashtra. The proposed areas  are  Jalna, Beed, Latur, Parbhani, Pune, Nagpur and Satara districts.

Description:

The assessment of suitability of land for sericulture involves matching the land qualities with the requirements of the silkworm food plants and silkworm rearing. It needs interpretation and integration of soils, climatic parameters, vegetation and other aspects of land, like wastelands and slope using GIS.

Conventional inputs used for the project:

The wasteland data generated in National Wastelands Inventory Project (NWIP) and National Wastelands Updation Project (NWUP) are  used  as base data for site suitability analysis along with long-term weather data.

Satellite Data used:

Satellite

Sensor

Date of Pass

IRS-P6

LISS-3

Three Season data of Nagpur and Satara districts acquired in year 2006.

 

Methodology: 

An inventory of area under wastelands (degraded lands that can be brought under vegetative cover) was made for the entire country under the National Wastelands Inventory Project (NWIP) and National Wastelands Updation Project (NWUP). The mapping was done on 1:50K scale adopting a 28-fold classification system. This was done under the technical guidance of NRSA for the Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India. The satellite based estimates show that there is an area of 55.27 million ha (17.45%) of the country’s geographical area under wastelands. This layer has to be used as one of the first inputs for the identification of suitable areas for sericulture development. The cultivatable wasteland categories have to be evaluated for introducing sericulture.

The methodology involves –

  • Evaluation of site suitability based on landscape and soil characteristics
  • Evaluation of site suitability based on climatic parameters for silkworm food plants
  • Evaluation of suitability for silkworm rearing
  • Integrated evaluation of soil and climatic suitability for silkworm food plants and sericulture development
Project Deliverables: 

The 1:50K maps of study area depicting suitable sites for sericulture development.

Beneficiaries: 
  • The State Sericulture Development Board.
  • The State Agriculture Department and allied Sector.
  • The State Soil and Water Conservations Department.
  • The State Department of Small Scale Industries.
Quantum of work: 
33
Districts
Project Photographs: 
Application of Remote Sensing and GIS in Sericulture Development